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Campus Safety



Evacuation of Disabled

In Case of Emergency: Dial 911

Contact Info

MCC Police Department
Campus Phone: 1200
Other Phone: 816.604.1200
Non-Emergencies: 816.604.1111

City Police Department: 911

Fire Department: 911

Ambulance: 911

Environmental Health & Safety
SDS for Emergencies contact
604.1124 or 604.1370

HAZMAT Response: 800.229.5252

MCC provides the following emergency evacuation suggestions to those members of the MCC Community who have a disability or who may assist a disabled individual in the event of an emergency evacuation. This information will help you determine your best response to certain emergency evacuation situations. Every emergency situation is unique and in all cases, all members of the MCC Community should use their own best individual judgment in deciding actions.

Preparation suggestions:

  • Become familiar with the standard MCC emergency evacuation procedures detailed in this document.  
  • Arrange a buddy system (and an alternate) with friends or co-workers – tell them how to best assist you in an evacuation situation.
  • Persons who are deaf may wish to prepare a written card requesting non-verbal emergency assistance and guidance (in writing or gesture).
  • Persons using a power wheelchair will find it prudent to schedule battery recharging on a regular basis before leaving home.
  • Have contact information ready for accessible transportation services should personal vehicles be inaccessible.
  • Persons who cannot speak loudly to call for help may choose to carry a whistle or other noisemaker.
  • If you are blind or have low vision it is prudent to learn the location of the exits in advance.

In an emergency:

  • Use the emergency buddy system you have set up ahead of time.
  • Give clear requests for assistance (verbally or in writing) and explicit directions on how you want assistance.
  • In the case of a power outage during daylight and you are on the second or a higher floor, you may choose to wait near a window where there is natural light and access to a working telephone. Be sure to inform others leaving the building of your decision and ask them to inform the MCC police department of your location.
  • If there is a power outage and an evacuation has been ordered, or if the outage occurs at night, call MCC police at 1200 from a campus phone or 604.1200 to request evacuation assistance.
  • If assistance is not immediately available and you cannot exit the building you should remain calm and move to the safest area possible such as an enclosed stairwell, the elevator lobby, or an office with the door shut which is a good distance from the hazard and away from falling debris. Rescue personnel will first check all exit corridors and stairwells for those trapped.
  • Continue to call for help or use a whistle or noisemaker until rescued.

When evacuating persons with disabilities:

  1. Always ask the person how you can help before attempting any rescue or assistance, for example, ask the person how they can best be moved and whether there are any special considerations or items that need to come with the person.
  2. Notify police or fire personnel immediately about persons remaining in the building and their locations.

Evacuating persons with limited mobility:

  1. Attempt a rescue evacuation ONLY if you have had rescue training unless the situation is life threatening. Some persons may have such minimal mobility that lifting them may be dangerous.
  2. Help clear the exit route of debris so the floor is clear for wheelchairs or persons using other mobility aides.
  3. Be sure the person has crutches, canes, walkers or other mobility devices with them.

Evacuating persons who are non-ambulatory:

  1. When evacuating always ask what method of assistance the person prefers.
  2. Not all persons can be removed from their wheelchairs and carried safely.
  3. Person may have a physical condition that contraindicates lifting such as heart conditions or back problems or other severe physical complications.
  4. Non-ambulatory persons frequently have respiratory complications or rely on electric artificial respirators. They should be given priority assistance if there is smoke or fumes as their ability to breathe is seriously in danger.
  5. Persons with chronic pain, catheter leg bags, fragility or braces may not be able to extend or move extremities 

Transferring a person out of a wheelchair:

  1. Check that the individual is not at risk when transferred or carried.
  2. Note the location of the wheelchair and upon exiting the building immediately inform the MCC police department of the location of the wheelchair so they can retrieve it. The wheelchair is essential to the person's mobility and safety.
  3. Use a two-person chair carry where the two assistants link arms to form a backrest and grip wrists to form a seat.
  4. A semi-ambulatory person may lean against an assistant's back while the assistant holds both person’s arms over the assistant's shoulders. The assistant leans forward slightly to take most of the person's weight.
  5. Two assistants can carry a person by extremities. One assistant stands behind and wraps arms around person's chest under person's arms. Second assistant stands facing away from the person between their legs and lifts person's legs under knees.

Moving a person in a wheelchair down a flight of stairs:

  1. If the person is to be moved in their wheelchair it is desirable to have a minimum of two assisting persons, with four assisting persons preferred for adults with heavy wheelchairs.
  2. Secure the wheelchair seatbelt.
  3. The wheelchair battery may have to be removed.
  4. The strongest person(s) should be placed at the back of the chair and will grip the chair handles.
  5. The other assisting person(s) will note what parts of the chair are removable such as wheels, arm rests, footplates so they do NOT lift the chair by those parts. They will grip the front seat frame or non-removable leg rests.
  6. Always keep the wheelchair facing away from the stairs
  7. ROLL the wheelchair up or down the stairs. Do NOT carry as this may cause back trouble for the assistant. Let the wheelchair carry the weight.
  8. Keep the wheelchair slightly tilted back to keep the wheelchair user secure. However, do not tilt too far as this could cause the assistant to lose balance and pitch forward.

Moving a person in a wheelchair over a curb or single step:

  1. Secure the wheelchair seatbelt.
  2. Just before reaching the edge of the curb or the step turn the wheelchair around so that it is facing away from the edge. You will back the wheelchair down.
  3. The assistant will hold tightly to the handles and slowly back the wheelchair so the rear wheels roll down the edge. The assistant will press a hip against the back of the chair as the rear wheels slowly roll off the edge.
  4. The assistant will press a foot on the anti-tipping bar as the chair is very slowly backed away from the curb. Then the front wheels are slowly lowered to the ground.
  5. Turn the wheelchair around being carefully to avoid the ankles of other people passing by.

Moving a person in a wheelchair over rough terrain:

  1. Secure the wheelchair seatbelt
  2. When approaching surfaces that may cause a problem for wheels such as grates, soft lawns, pitted floors or sand turn the wheelchair around and go backwards.
  3. Lift the front wheels up very slightly to put the weight of the chair on the rear wheels. Do not tilt the chair too far back.

Evacuating a person who is blind:

  1. Tell the person the nature of the emergency and offer to guide him/her by offering your left/right elbow (this is the preferred and standard method when acting as a sighted guide. Do not grab a visually impaired person's arm.
  2. Be sure the person brings with them all mobility aides such as white canes.
  3. The individual may have a guide dog that may be disoriented. Ask the advice of the person who is blind regarding your level of assistance.
  4. Give verbal directions to advise about the safest routes. Use compass directions, estimated distances and directional terms to orientate the person. As you walk describe where you are and advise of any obstacles such as overhanging objects, uneven pavements, curbs, or narrow passageways.
  5. When you have reached a safe location, orient the person to where she/he is and ask if any further assistance is needed.

Evacuating a person who is deaf or hard of hearing:

  1. Write a note stating what the emergency is and what the evacuation route is, e.g., FIRE: go out the rear door to the parking lot.
  2. Turn the room lights on and off to gain attention then indicate through hand gestures or writing on the blackboard what is happening and where to go.

Offer visual instructions to advise of the safest route or direction by pointing towards exits.

Last Modified: 11/6/15